Diploma 2020 – Theory
The exponential growth of computational power and the shrinking in size and cost will eventually result in microscopic wearables.
Since the release of the first iPhone in 2007 the number of transistors per microprocessor has grown by over 2000 %, which not only leads to faster computing, but also makes the devices significantly more energy efficient, which leads to higher screen resolutions, faster refreshment rates and a better battery lifetime. To give another example in numbers, the amount of pixels of the first iPhone hast grown by the factor 21 until today in 2020.
To get a feeling for the pace of technological progress, it is essential to take a look at the numbers of the last ten years.
With breakthrough technology like the first real touchscreen surfaces in the capacitive display of the first iPhone, a lot of different needs emerged from the simple smartphone in our pockets. Tablets were created for a better screen usage and to bring mobile OS to the workplace. In recent years Virtual and Augmented Reality gained popularity. However, the tech either provides little opportunities to interact with the new digital reality, or requires big bulky and expensive hardware to enter the experience.
The rising trend of Augmented Reality is soon to be part of our everyday life. Nimo-Planet is one of the many Start-Ups pushing into the Market of Augmented Reality Experiences and sets the bar high for both, interface and hardware experience expectations.
Technology evolves at a faster pace than ever before and the greatest inventions are yet to be realised. For the last 5 years the startup Mojo Vision has been working on a display with a diameter of less than half a millimetre.
In this picture Albert Einstein is shown through 70.000 green pixels on the display of Mojo Vision.
The company is currently working on the display in a contact lens to transmit data and provide power to the display.
Materials like hexagonal boron nitride and graphene are the new hope, as they enable a whole new way of transmitting and storing energy and data.
No Need For Lithium Ions
Super capacitors can store and release energy extremely quickly and last much longer than conventional batteries. Graphene should help super capacitors to become even better and eventually replace batteries completely. The material was discovered in 2004 at the University of Manchester and consists of carbon, whose atoms are arranged two-dimensionally instead of the usual three-dimensionality. Graphene consists of a single layer of carbon atoms. Because of this composition, graphene has many great properties: it is thin and extremely strong, has a large surface area, conducts electricity and heat excellently, is transparent and, unlike batteries with lithium ions, impossible to ignite.
According to researchers from The University of Texas at Austin and the University of Lille in France, tremendous progress has been made, developing a new 5G switch , that provides 50 times more energy efficiency than currently existing ones. The switch consists of a single layer of boron and nitrogen atoms in a honeycomb pattern sandwiched between a pair of gold electrodes. Enabling a vast amount of fast traveling data to be transmitted within a very tiny area.
change my Iris to blue"
Sentences like "Ok, Google, I am going to wear blue today, change my iris accordingly" could become reality in 10 years time. Researchers at Stanford University are exploring ways to generate a chemical material that changes color depending on how much electrical current is running. This could enable the cosmetic layer in the lens to individualise its color according to the wearer's preferences.
Valid point clouds are essential, when it comes to spatial computing
The LIDAR-Cameras in the Ear-Piece create a representation of the environment, to display information on surfaces, or in the air. Right now, the camera technology is not there yet, but given recent events in the field of miniaturisation like the beetle mounted camera make it seem feasible in ten years time.
Diploma 2020 – Theory